Emperors have retained uninterrupted power. A mosque – the Great Mosque -J umma Musjid, the majestic symbol of the crescent whose conquests thou, less favoured than Vienna, whose unable to arrest. A plain watered with blood, the scene of struggles which have more that once decided the fate of millions of human beings. That is what thou wert. This is what thou art now:- a broken mirror reflecting the destinies of India.
But it is not the contingency of Russian aggression that would disturb me, if I were an Englishman. The internal policy to be pursued in India is the subject that would absorb my attention. I confess that certain ideas which enjoy great favour in certain quarters would give me food for reflection, and none more than the scheme of welding into a single nation the diverse races which inhabit the peninsula, of creating a new nation, and of creating her in the image of the English. × × × British rule is firmly seated in India; England has only one enemy to fear-herself.
In their national life the Indians have exhibited down to our days their long-practised and often- tried courage of patience. . . With this they have retained a costly possession, that inclination towards the highest intellectual attainments which runs through their whole history. This treasure is still vigorous in the hearts of the best Indians, and